Art is everything created by humans that contains elements of beauty and is able to arouse feelings of himself and others. Based on this definition, art is a product of beauty, where humans try to create something beautiful and can bring pleasure.
In general, public art has a close relationship with traditional ceremonies or religious ceremonies commonly referred to as regional art. Art is an amazing ability brought by someone from birth or commonly called talent.
Understanding of Art According to Experts
Of the many meanings of art, many experts express their opinions about the definition of art. The definition of art according to Aristotle is a form whose expression and appearance never deviate from reality and that art is imitating nature. Meanwhile, Alexander Baum Garton defined that the meaning of art is beauty and art is a positive goal that makes connoisseurs feel happy. According to Hilary Bel, the meaning of art is a term used for all works that can inspire the heart to find out who the creator is.
Art can be enjoyed through visual media (visual art), hearing (audio art), and a combination of both (audiovisual art). In general, art can be divided into five groups, they are:
1. Fine Art
Fine art is a work of art that can be enjoyed through visual media or visual art. This fine art focuses on works that have a form and expressed in the form of paintings, drawings, sculptures, handicrafts, multimedia, and others.
The sound is the main element of the art of music while other elements are a form of harmony, melody, and musical notation as a means of being taught. The art of music grew and developed from the Renaissance to the present. Art of music is the result of human creation that produces sounds of rhythm and harmony that is beautiful for the listener.
Dance is the result of human creation that uses gestures as a beauty. Motion in dance functions as a medium to communicate certain purposes of the choreographer. In general, dance is combined with music. Thus, the concentration and consistency of dance movements become more perfect in the delivery of messages and feelings.
4. Theater Arts
Theater art is the art of visualizing imagination or describing someone’s thoughts. The results of the imagination are related to the behavior of living things, both individually and in groups.
5. Literary Arts
Literary art is an art form that is enjoyed through the media of hearing and vision. Through literary art in words, someone can convey messages and impressions in a beautiful way. Examples of literary art such as poetry (sound) and calligraphy (writing).
The Benefits of Art
In general, the benefit of art is divided into two parts, they are the individual benefit and social benefit. The benefit of art in terms of individual consists of emotional needs that will give a self-satisfaction to the people and physical needs that may influence the human body. Meanwhile, for the social benefit, art is used for entertainment media to make people happy due to its beauty, communication media to convey a message through art, and education to give a lesson to anybody through art.