Dance is a kind of movement that is done through rhythm performed by people to show up feeling as well as deliver a message to the public. Dance or body movement is one of the performing arts that is harmonized with the accompaniment of musical instruments. Usually, the dance functions to welcome guests, commemorating certain days or dadu online events or forms of religious rituals.
Understanding of dance according to experts
According to Corrie Hartong, Dance is a feeling that is urgent from within human beings, which encourages us to look for expressions in the form of rhythmic movements. Meanwhile, Aristotle stated that dance is a rhythmic movement that presents a human character when they act “. According to Haukins, dance is an expression of the soul that is used as a form of movement by the imagination of its creator.
Types of Dance
1. Traditional dance
Traditional dance is a dance that is inherited and developed hereditary and become a culture among the local people. This traditional dance is accompanied by traditional music, for example, the Serimpi dance originating from Central Java, which is accompanied by gamelan as the accompaniment of the music. Usually, this dance contains philosophical, symbolic and religious values.
Traditional dance is divided into three types of dance, namely:
The classical dance grows and develops among the nobility. This makes the dance movements should not be arbitrary and have written rules. Even ordinary people can’t dance to this classic dance.
Folk dance; as the name implies, this dance was developed in ordinary society and became a hereditary culture. This folk dance is usually used as a form of expression of joy. The movements also vary greatly because they do not have standard rules.
New Creation Dance
It is a traditional dance that has followed the times so that it can be enjoyed by the general public. Even though there has been an innovation from its creator, this dance still retains the values of traditional dance.
2. Contemporary dance
Contemporary dance is one type of modern dance that developed in many countries. This ‘present’ dance no longer uses certain standard rules that still exist in traditional dance and even still feels in new dance creations. An example of contemporary dance is an oldskool animal pop-dance from eastern Indonesia named Jecko Siompo. The more time has evolved, the more the types of dance have also developed. Its function is of course also developing, which has a purpose to serious matters such as traditional and religious ceremonies to dances intended for the general public as entertainment.
The Elements of Dance
Variety of Motion
It is one of the most important elements because dance uses all body movements.
It is a form of dance accompaniment that can be in the form of an internal dance accompaniment and an external dance accompaniment. For example in the Salman dance that uses chest claps, and palms.
It is an aesthetic that cannot be separated from a dance form. Costumes for dances for ceremonies are simpler and do not emphasize aesthetics.
Floor pattern or blocking
It is a position carried out by a single dancer and group dancers. On the floor pattern in dance can be symmetrical, asymmetrical, curvilinear, straight lines and circles.